At first glance, it all seems so simple, doesn't it? "Go and do likewise." Not a problem. But when a command like "go and do likewise" comes at the end of one of Jesus' parables, we know we have to dig a little deeper and search inside ourselves to see what we really need to be hearing.
So let's take a step back and look at today's first reading to get some background for what's happening in today's Gospel. Moses is exhorting the people to keep the commandments of God. But which ones? The Ten Commandments? Perhaps. But the books of Deuteronomy and Leviticus give the fullness of the Jewish law. There you can read over six hundred laws pertaining to everything from hospitality to the treatment of slaves. I'm sure the people were overwhelmed when they thought about that many laws. They may even have been fearful that they would have accidentally broken one of those laws in the course of daily life. But Moses is telling them that they don't have to be reaching to find the laws they need to follow. Those laws aren't remote or mysterious. They don't have to cross the sea or search the sky. Because the law they need to follow is very near to them: on their lips and in their heart. They have only to carry it out.
If the message of that first reading sounds familiar to you, it should. Because it's almost exactly the same thing Jesus is saying in the Gospel today. The scholar of the law who approaches Jesus today isn't really seeking further knowledge. Rather, he is showing off and testing Jesus to see what he would say. He wants to know what it takes to inherit eternal life. Which is the right question, but for the wrong reason. In other words, he does not ask how he can earn salvation – nobody can earn salvation. We definitely inherit eternal life from the one who is Life itself. But that's not the scholar's interest. Again, he is trying to trap Jesus and make him look foolish. But that's not going to happen!
Jesus answers the question with a question: "What is written in the law?" The scholar feels on good, solid, comfortable ground with that question, and responds beautifully. Love God with everything that you are, and love your neighbor. Loving God and neighbor is the crux of the Law and the Prophets. So Jesus commends him, and says that if he does this he will live. But the man wants to justify himself a little more – it's all about him. "Who is my neighbor?" he asks. And this is the million-dollar question of the day.
There are three Greek words used to translate "neighbor." Two of them deal with what you might think: friends, family, and those living near to a person. For most people, a neighbor meant people living in close proximity. For the Jews, it went a little further, meaning all fellow Jews. But the word that is used in this Gospel reading is very particularly something else, something a little higher. The word for "neighbor" here is almost a verb. It's not just someone nearby, but instead the dynamic of coming near to another, of approaching and drawing close.
I think we all have an idea in mind when we hear the word "neighbor." I remember the neighborhood where I grew up, the neighborhood in which my mother continues to live. I had friends who went to school with me, and even to our Church. When we were growing up, we would spend hot summer nights together outside, playing "kick the can" and other kids' games. Later, we attended our youth group together. Our parents kept an eye not just on their own kids, but on all the kids in the neighborhood. When my sister was little, she used to like to climb trees, and as soon as she did, the neighbor would call to let my mother know so she wouldn't fall out of the tree and break her neck (she never did, thank God!). When someone had a death in the family, there would be food brought to the house. If there was work to be done, someone would always lend a hand. We were neighbors to each other.
But again, as nice as this picture of "neighbor" is, Jesus is calling us to a deeper reality. He is asking us to step outside ourselves, and to see a person in need and respond, no matter where that person is, no matter his or her race, color or creed. The person in need is always our neighbor. Listen to that statement again, because it's crucial to what we're hearing today and I don't want you to leave this holy place without coming to understand it: the person in need is always, always, always our neighbor.
Before we come down too hard on the priest and the Levite in the story, let's give them a bit of a break. Jesus says the Samaritan had been left half-dead. They may have thought that he was completely dead, or at least close enough that they would defile themselves by stopping to touch him. If they would touch a dead person, they would be defiled and would be unable to worship until they were purified. But again, Jesus is calling them to a deeper reality than the mere observance of law: they are getting so caught up in the intricacies of the six-hundred-plus Jewish laws that they are missing the whole point of the law. Jesus says to them that they cannot be so concerned about the minutiae of the law that they miss responding to the needs of a neighbor among them.
And we have to hear that too. Because we too can get so caught up in the minutiae of our laws that we end up as self-righteous as that scholar of the law. We may claim to respect life if we have never been involved in an abortion. But respecting life also demands that we care for the poor and needy, that we take a stand for adequate health care for every person, that we honor our elderly brothers and sisters, and that we repent of our racism and refuse to honor stereotypes that are an affront to human dignity. We may claim to honor the sixth commandment if we have never committed adultery. But honoring that commandment also means that we live pure lives and strive always to purify our hearts. It means we never take part in off-color jokes and that we refrain from watching television or movies that lead us down the wrong path. We may claim to be thankful for our daily bread when we say grace before meals. But being thankful for our blessings means also that we share them with those who are hungry. Because Jesus is leading us to a deeper reality today, we can no longer get caught up in the self-righteousness that the scholar of the law brings to his encounter with Jesus.
The person in need is always our neighbor. We don't need to search far and wide to figure out what to do for that person. We have only to see the generous and self-giving response of the Samaritan in today's Gospel and, as Jesus commands us, to "go and do likewise." The Law and the Prophets are as near to us as that.